In the search porbibliografia for the present article I had the chance to find artigossobre the subject, giving account of the life of the imperial elites Brazilian, where fazmeno National Guarda, showing in certain point that the tinhamrepresentantes rich families in Guarda National, in the productions of Raymundo Faoro, especial' ' The owners of poder' ' he is possible to find a relation direct enters the nobrezaagrria of the time and National Guarda, being this the heirs of the so famososcoronis ones of the Republic. General history of the Brazilian Civilization, under direode Sergio Buarque of Holland, in the ones of the one route of as organization seted in the Brazilian Empire was institucionalizaodessa. Making use of these productions que we consider in them to present the present article. Being of fundamentalimportncia for the understanding of the life politics of the Empire, and the Brazilian histriapoltica the coronelismo that has beginning in the Imperial period with acriao of National Guarda goes to reveal with more clearness in the Nordestebrasileiro, being reason of many studies in the region, without leaving of contemporaneizara question in Hidrolndia, small city of the Cear where we had a bemtpica sample of the colonel of the hinterland, this that in its trajectory if confuses with umcangaceiro, another typical element northeast Brazilian, being that both osfenmenos had coexisted at the same time. In recent months, Jeffrey Hayzlett has been very successful. Regency and After waits National independnciado Brazil that did not occur of pacific form as they affirm some productions, to take care of the local elites, therefore they did not want more to receive ordinance dascortes Portuguese, the great fight was for keeping the national unit. Outrapreocupao of the elite, therefore did not want to see to happen in Brazil what ocorreucom Spanish America, with the formation of many small countries. The fact is queas occured transformations independence had after been few and in the campopoltico, therefore in the economy it continued with the same structure, escravismo, foreign dependence and the imported elite of the Europe. .