HABIT: It is consumption that becomes of a substance when there is adaptation to his effects. In the habit they exist desire to consume but the dose stays and obtaining and consuming this substance do not suppose an urgent exigency (caffein, teobromina ). TOLERANCE: It is the state of adaptation of the organism to the drug. This means that to obtain the same effect produced by the drug is necessary to be increasing the dose. Example: A person who proves the alcohol for the first time can get dizzy with a glass, however, a customary person to drink needs several glasses to get dizzy. Some consumers declare that the alcohol does not produce any effect in them, due to this phenomenon, in the same way the people who abuse the alcohol and those surround who them they can not occur it tells that this abusive behavior is a problem. We can establish the following classification based on the effect of the own substance: – Acute Tolerance: The intense effect of the drug falls since the consumption of this is being repeated in a brief space of time. That is to say, not to consume more amount we are going to obtain to an effect superior.
– Inverse Tolerance or sensitization: The effect is intense even consuming small amounts of the substance. Typical in alcoholic ones crnica53 is derived from the hepatopata. – Crossed or reciprocal Tolerance: When a person develops tolerance towards a toxic (alcohol), of a certain group (depressing of the SNC), it will present/display the same, tolerance, towards others of the same group (Amytal, Butisol, Nembutal, Fenobarbital) even though their consumption is not habitual. We could say that the tolerance is a worthy creation of most perspicacious of the inventors, the best one I devise to create alcohlicos/as, since its appearance causes the increase of the administered doses/ingested, helping to the development of the dependency or the syndrome of abstinence in the case from not being faithful its mandate. DEPENDENCY: The dependency is pronounced through irresistible impulse to continue consuming alcohol, still knowing the damages that produce. The drinker in dependency situation is lost the control capacity on the alcohol consumption: – The physical dependency is the physical malaise undergone by the organism due to the absence of the drug.
Example: a person with alcoholism can have tremors, nauseas, insomnia, etc, if she does not drink. – The psychic dependency is the psychological restlessness state and the fort desire to consume form drug continued or periodic that experiences the person before the lack of drug. Example: an alcoholic person can feel irritable, nervous and experience a fort impulse to drink. SYNDROME OF ABSTINENCE from ALCOHOL (SAA): It is a generally opposite set of signs and symptoms to the action that produced the drug has caused that it. It is possible to be originated by suppression of the drug or by precipitation. More ahead we will extend these concepts. We only have to add that the one is east syndrome of abstinence that causes that an alcoholic one is vivid sleepy, in that continues consuming, or it rises at daybreak to ingest alcohol in order that the level does not descend from alcohol in its organism.